Date : 06-08-2018 12:17
INTRODUCTION: As the founding stone of transparency is democracy and India being one of the largest existing democracies in the world has rightfully traveled on the path towards protecting the right to information of an individual.
During the British rule, there were stringent provisions as to the protection of their privacy, which controlled the official management of data and information. The common man thus was totally unaware of the practice, process or basis of any official decision which encouraged corruption among the authorities and agitation among the masses.
This secrecy enabled persons with power to exploit those in need and they started misusing their powers in a manner proving beneficial to them. Seeing this situation could be a threat to our democracy parliament passed a new law The Right to Information Act, 2005 replacing the older freedom of information act of 2002.
This legislation was enacted to ensure and promote transparency in the official process carried on by authorities and also to increase the scope of accountability.
THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT 2005: since excessive secrecy can possibly hinder with the value of public decision making this act aimed to keep a check on the process of abuse of public power.
This act was necessary as to promote good governance, avoid corruptive practices, improvising public relation and efficiency and to make accountable those who are responsible for decision making.
This act helped in achieving the objective of article 19 of the constitution of India which protects the right to information of citizens. It is succeeded by the official secrets act of 1923 and specifically mentions that the information which is not denied to legislature or parliament cannot be denied to any common person.
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT: